Model UN is a simulation of the United Nations where high school and college students play the part of representatives meeting in structured committees. It is an academic activity that requires research and a broad spectrum of knowledge and skills.
The United Nations was formed in 1945 out of the ashes of the League of Nations. The goal of the UN was to stop wars and provide a medium for negotiation. Since then it has evolved into an international organization whose goals include facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and achieving world peace. There are currently 193 member states, who all convene at the UN headquarters in New York City. The United Nations is divided into the General Assembly and the Security Council (made up of the 5 permanent members: China, the United States, Russian Federation, France and the United Kingdom, as well as 10 elected members, who rotate every second year), and a few other specialized committees that deal with other issues.
Every committee in the GA debates different issues that effect international relations. Every delegate represents their country’s view on the issue. The goal of the UN is to come up with an effective resolution to the issue that passes a majority vote (in the Security Council it must also pass without being vetoed from any of the 5 permanent members). Just remember; the ultimate goal of the UN is to achieve international cooperation for a common cause.
So, that is what Model UN simulates in a nutshell. There is a lot more information that you will learn as you go along, but it’s important that you go into your first conference with at least a very basic understanding of what you are attempting to represent. The simulation enables the participants to obtain a multilateral view on world affairs, enhance their conflict resolution capabilities and develop their communication skills through role-play, public speaking and debating. Moreover, as MUN welcomes teams from all over the world, you are not only getting academic experience and enhancing your skills but you will also be able to build life long relationships and be a part of a unique multicultural event.