2.7 million of children are living in residential care around the world, whilst they and their social and emotional development are under the risk of abuse, violence and long-term damage. UNICEF revealed a study about child abuse, in which stands that in many countries not all children are counted as living in residential care, for example in privatly owned centres. The Statistics Specialist at UNICEF and also co-author of the study, Claudia Cappa, highlighted that it would be essential for the governments to be aware of the exact number of children living in these facilities to help strenghten official records.

Cornelius Williams, the Associate Director  of Child Protection at UNICEF declared that those children who are already vulnerable due to family separation are mostly exposed to long-term damage to cognivite, social and emotional development, abuse and violence.

The result of putting children in residential care are family breakdown, health issues, poverty, poor or unequal provision of social services and disability. Where it is possible, the goverments are trying to escape from family separation and are seeking home for children in family-based care.

UNICEF's  new data shows us that the  highest rate worldwide was in Central and Eastern Europe where 666 children per 100,000 live in residential care, over 5 times the global average of 120 children.